1)    Why does Alexander call mass incarceration “the new Jim Crow,” and how does she believe the system functions to oppress people?In Chapter 5 of “The New Jim Crow” Michelle Alexander described mass incarceration as being normalized and the system “requires no justification”. She believes that ‘prisoners and those in the system are out of sight and out of mind. This makes the system more durable and harder to eradicate.’ Alexander, explains the three-stage set up in the system. She describes them as the roundup, formal control, and invisible punishment. She describes the steps as something that most people know but doesn’t truly understand. She describes and includes racial indifference, which was nice because it’s not just blacks like with Jim Crow but all races. Alexander also describes things like drunk driving which is considered a “white” crime and drug dealers/users is considered a “black” crime get different press from authority. While Jim Crow punished others for who they are, mass incarceration punishes people for what they do even small offenses get extremely hard sentencing.2)    Why does Alexander say that prison sentences are only a small part of the problem? What is the rest of the problem with the new Jim Crow?Alexander then used affirmative action to in a way guide through explanations of mass incarceration. She explains how we have structural systemic racism, but we are also allowing cosmetic racial diversity to come to light as well. “It is not uncommon for people to receive prison sentences of more than fifty years for minor crimes” (Alexander, 91).She also goes and explains that while we put others in jail for drug use and such instead of treating others like addicts who need help, they will just keep coming back into the system every time they get out. The system does not want to help anyone but just incarcerate them. “Someone can be sentenced to life for three marijuana sales because of federal sentencing…, while someone who has done something far worse may get off easily. Their small-time offenders are nowhere near the drug kingpins that the government claims to be targeting” (92).3)    Alexander argues: “The system operates through our criminal justice institutions, but it functions more like a caste system than a system of crime control?” Do you agree or disagree with that statement? Explain.I do agree with the statements and Michelle Alexanders shows us in “The New Jim Crow” that the old system of racial caste has been replaced by a new one. African American men are branded as “criminals,” because the government puts a disproportionate number of them behind bars. Society does not see the governments harsh punishing as violence but rather counter-violence. But it is state violence and others are starting to see and speak on it. They make a mockery of formal equality in light of the socially constructed nature of a crime and the inequivalent impact sentencing has on black men and their families. “When black youth find it difficult or impossible to live up to these standards – or when they fail, stumble, and make mistakes, as all humans do – shame and blame are heaped upon them” (Alexander, 215).4)    What connections do you see the new Jim Crow and “slavery by another name?” Explain.In “slavery by another name” by Douglas A. Blackmon it gave us a background to and kind of the start of mass incarceration. The book showed us the way prisons where really starts. While In “the new Jim Crow” by Michelle Alexanders it showed us how the system has been growing back slowly but surely behind our backs. They hide behind the “drug war” so they are legally allowed to arrest so many and give harsh sentencing. “Virtually all constitutional civil liberties have been undermined by the drug war” (Alexander, 62)