A hormone produced by the pancreas is Insulin, with the help
of insulin glucose in the human body are used to produce energy or to store glucose
as fat. Insulin helps to maintain blood sugar at the desirable level.

Low Blood Sugar Level: In medical term, it is called as

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Hypoglycemia. This condition is reached when the blood sugar

level drops too low. It is a very critical stage, low blood
sugar

level generates a fatal condition, which can result in
diabetic

coma and ultimately leads to the death of the patient.

High Blood Sugar Level: This is called hyperglycemia.

It is an unsafe state, is caused when the blood sugar level

remains too high. If it continues to be in this state for a

longer term causes many health problems which might include

heart disease, eye, kidney, and nerves damage. Most of the

times diabetics fall into hyperglycemia category. In this
phase,

insulin is manually or automatically injected into the
patient’s

body to balance and maintain blood sugar level in the safe

state.

Safe Blood Sugar Level: This is a safe zone where the

blood sugar level is within the safe band. This level can be

compared to those who don’t have diabetes and can be
referred

to as the ideal band. In this zone, we do not inject insulin.

Pancreas is the organ in our abdominal cavity that produces

digestive enzymes which get released into the intestine and

also release different hormones including insulin.

Glucagon is a hormone produced by the pancreas, which

raised the blood glucose level. It is produced in the alpha
cells

in the islets of Langerhans in our pancreas. Glucagon can
also

be given by injection to reverse a severe hypo.

Glucose is a simple sugar that generated from the digestion

of starch, sweet food and from the liver that makes glucose.

Carbohydrates come from food that we intake. During the

digestion, carbohydrates are broken down into glucose. They

are the main source of energy in our diet and include all
sugars

and starches.

Blood glucose level is the amount of glucose in our blood.

Bolus is an extra amount of insulin taken to cover an

expected rise in blood glucose, often it is related to a
meal

or snack.

Basal rate The amount of insulin required to manage

normal daily blood glucose variations.

Diabetes is the condition in which the patient’s body does

not properly process food to generate energy. Generally, the

food consumed is broken down into glucose, or sugar. The

pancreas, an organ which lies near the stomach, makes a

hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of

our bodies. But when a person has diabetes pancreases will

not function properly which produces insulin to keep the
blood

sugar level in control at the same time when sugar level is
very

low it can’t produce enough glucagon to keep the sugar level

balanced.