Andrea BlodgettP. CableBIBL 1365December 13, 2017The Holy Spirit in the New Testament “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. The earth was without form, and void; and the darkness was on the face of the deep. And the spirit of God was hovering over the face of the earth.” That is a scripture from Genesis 1:1-2. Clearly, the Holy Spirit was over the earth even before it was created. The Holy Spirit is not much talked about in the Old Testament, but He is there. Moving to the New Testament, the Holy Spirit didn’t just appear for the first time at the feast of Pentecost, which had happened after the resurrection of Jesus. He appears also in the book of Luke at the birth of Jesus. The Holy Spirit is evident throughout all three of the synoptic gospels, which are Matthew, Mark and Luke. The first appearance of the Holy Spirit in the New Testament is in Matthew 12:30-32, which says, “He who is not with Me is against Me, and he who does not gather with Me scatters abroad.” There is something called an unpardonable sin and that is when one ascribes Satan to the works of the Holy Spirit. Verse 31 discusses how every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven, however, blasphemy against the Holy Spirit is unfortunately unforgivable. There is also scripture of this in Mark 3:28-30 and Luke 12:8-10. It is a crucial point if it is mentioned in all three of the gospels. Because this sin is mentioned in all three of the gospels, it is imperative that believers adhere to this scripture and take into account that if one were to blaspheme the Holy Spirit, it is completely unforgivable according to scripture. There are more proclamations of the Holy Spirit in the synoptic gospels, one specifically being in Matthew 28:19. This account is also in the other two synoptic gospels and appears in Mark 16:15-18 and Luke 24:46-48. It also appears in John 17:18; 20:21 and also in Acts 1:8. In this particular passage, Jesus is giving His instructions to His eleven disciples. This is the Great Commission that Jesus gives. And it says, “Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.” Paying particular attention to Acts 1:8, which says, “But you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be my witnesses to Me in Jerusalem, and in Judea, and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.” Not only will the disciples that are going out going to baptize others in the Holy Spirit, they themselves will be baptized in the Holy Spirit. Moreover, the Holy Spirit is accounted by all three of the gospels, and most of the references are located in the book of Luke and it continues through the book of Acts. Let’s look into the languages of the bible and how the Holy Spirit plays a role throughout the rest of the New Testament. The Bible is written in three different languages: Hebrew, Greek and Aramaic which is the language that Jesus spoke. What is quite interesting is that the word “Holy Spirit” or “Spirit” translated in these three languages mean either breath or wind. In Greek, it’s pneuma, in Hebrew and Aramaic it’s ruach. If you dig more into the Hebrew meaning, the term “breath of life” is that what makes us as human beings into the living souls. Looking at Genesis 2:7 it says, “And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being.” It is in fact the breath of life that makes us alive in Christ. Without that breath of life, we wouldn’t be alive in Him. The breath of life that we receive is the Holy Spirit breathing life into us. The connections that are between “breath” and “Spirit” give way to the role of the Holy Spirit, which is to breathe life into God’s people. However, this breath is only given to those who have chosen to follow Christ. There are many more examples of the Holy Spirit throughout the New Testament. Moving away from the Synoptic gospels, and moving into the book of Acts, there is one place that talks about baptism in the Holy Spirit as this a very important part of being baptized. There are three ways one can be baptized, and that is through water, fire and Holy Spirit. Having a Holy Spirit baptism gives an invitation for the Holy Spirit to manifest inside someone. To be baptized in the Holy Spirit is a way closer to God. And again in this book, it talks about the Holy Spirit coming upon those who are going to spread the gospel. An article that was read in my research of this topic from Liberty University. And the article is titled “Holy Spirit in the New Testament”. The excerpt says, “The book of Acts establishes the pattern of the Holy Spirit is imparted to genuine believers at the time of their conversion.” This pattern can be enforced in a few different ways, and I am going to only discuss a couple of the ways it can be enforced. Jesus had foretold the impartation of the Holy Spirit before his entrance into Heaven. And in Acts 1:4-5 it says, “And them being assembled together with them, He commanded them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the Promise of the Father, ‘which’, He said, ‘you have heard from Me; for John truly baptized with water, but you shall be baptized with the Holy Spirit many days from now.'” This is the promise that was fulfilled on the day of Pentecost. And that verse is found in Acts 2:1-4. And in Acts 2:4, it says, “And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.” This means, what was talked about in the first part of Acts was fulfilled in the second chapter of Acts. The second way that this pattern of the Holy Spirit is seen, is from the day of Pentecost moving forward. Moving forward from Pentecost, it became somewhat normal for believers to receive the Holy Spirit at the time that they were converted to Christ. In fact it was Peter who was able to identify that a part of converting to Christ was a consequence (not a bad consequence) for repentance and salvation. And in chapter 2 verses 37-39 it talks about this. Specifically focusing on verse 38 which says, “Then Peter said to them, ‘Repent, and let every one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.'” The last portion that will be touched on is also in the book of Acts, and it’s talking about the filling of the Holy Spirit. How the Holy Spirit works is by filling the believers of Christ with His companionship and His great power. And as believers, there needs to be an urgency to be filled with that same presence on a continuous basis. As Peter is being filled with the Holy Spirit, he boldly declares that Jesus is Christ to the Jewish community he was speaking to. Acts 4:8a and 13:9 attest to this account. Moving away from Acts, and even though Acts is heavy with testaments of the Holy Spirit, there are places in the New Testament that should not be skipped over and are in correlation with the Holy Spirit in Acts. Every passage that is given, is relevant to what has been written thus far and all is connected in one way or another. The first example that will be discussed is in Luke 11:13, and it says, “If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to those who ask Him?” Jesus had taught His disciples that through their prayers to the Father, that they would receive the Holy Spirit. Finally, the last example that will be discussed and that is the difference of having the Holy Spirit and being filled with the Holy Spirit. Having the Spirit is something true for all believers, you can have the Holy Spirit but not be filled with the Holy Spirit. Being filled with the Holy Spirit is a Christian believer’s privilege and also their duty. Ephesians 5:18 talks about being filled with the Holy Spirit. Also, there is only one baptism of the Holy Spirit, but many fillings of the Holy Spirit, meaning the baptism of the Holy Spirit only happens once, but one can be filled with the Holy Spirit multiple times. In conclusion, there are many appearances of the Holy Spirit in the New Testament. Even though the majority is in the book of Luke and in the book of Acts, as has been written above there are many other places that He is manifested and is evident. The Holy Spirit is a crucial part of the Holy Trinity and He lives and breathes inside of believers that have accepted Christ as their one true Savior. That being said, the Holy Spirit is alive and well today among the body of believers.