Brazil
actually is America’s largest country by its population and geographical size.
Full to the top with intriguing people, plants, and animals. Also its history,
religion, culture and sports make this country a great one. The official name
of the country I chose is Federal Republic of Brazil. Brazil is located in
South America. The government  in Brazil
is Democratic Federal Republic. The capital of this country is Brasilia. The
actual population is about 207,721,000 persons. Brazil is 8,511,965 square miles
long. Brazil main language is Portuguese. The name of their money is “Brazilian
Real” . Also Brazil have more
than 20 beautiful places to go.
Brazil represents almost fifty percent of South America. The capital Brasilia,
took almost 4 years to build. From the sky, Brasilia looks like a plane. Sao
Vicente (near Sao Paulo) is the most antique city in Brazil, founded in 1532.
The country’s adage is “Ordem e Progresso” which means “Order and Progress.”
There is  some islands that belong to
Brazil, they are Saint Peter, Trindade and Fernando de Noronha. Also, Brazil is
also naturally diverse. It contains dense rainforests and jungles, expanses of
coastline, towering mountains, oceanic archipelagos, rivers, and rolling
plains. Thanks to this variation of natural places there are many  habitats available for plants and animals.
Brazil hasa lot of fauna and flora.

Brazilian
society is made up of different origins. Afro-Brazilians, White Brazilians,
Zambo, Japanese Brazilians, German Brazilians, and a lot of more ethnicities
that makes Brazil a country full of different races and cultures. As such,
there are many different celebrations like Corpus Christi is a  National holiday on June 15  in which the streets are adorned with figures
of the Catholic liturgy. The cities of 
Florianópolis (Santo Catarina), Cabo Frio and Petrópolis (Rio de
Janeiro) Matão, Ibitinga and Sao Manoel (Sao Pablo) stand out as the best
ornamented. Fiestas de Santo Amaro in Campos (January 15) religious festival of
the saint of the baixade camper in which a mass is celebrated, with payments of
promises and baptism. The representation of the fight between Moors and
Christmas, also known as Caballada , is also performed. Oktoberfest (October 5
to 22) in Blumenau (Santa Catarina). German festival with music, dances and
gastronomy, is considered the biggest after the Oktoberfest in Munich in
Germany, there is also a festival gathers around 2 million tourist annually.
The festival of Las Congadas consists of parades of blacks on the day of St.
Benedict, commemorating the coronation of a King of the Congo on December 26. This
celebration includes dances and songs from Africa and the Iberian Peninsula.
The best- known Conga are Lapa, and those of some municipalities of Santa
Catarina and Minas Gerais. The carnival of Rio de Janeiro (4 days before Ash
Wednesday) is considered as the biggest party in the world, it is a five day
long celebration., It starts at midnights on the Friday before Ash Wednesday,
at the end of February and the beginning of March. It is celebrated in almost
every city in Brazil, the most famous being the one that takes place in Rio.

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Brazil
was officially discovered in 1500, when a Portuguese diploma Pedro Álvares
Cabral landed in Porto Seguro. Brazil’s first 
colonizers were met by Tupinamba Indians. There’s evidence that the
Indians and Portuguese initially worked together to harvest trees. They both
wanted to  start plantations on cleared
lands so, the colonizers needed labor. The Portuguese tried to enslave Indians,
however, they were but unaccustomed to toiling long hours in fields and died
from many European diseases. The Portuguese then turned to the African slave
trade for their workforce. For two centuries after Cabral’s discovery, the
Portuguese had to periodically deal with foreign powers who wanted to take  Brazil’s resources.

Initially,
the Portuguese Crown couldn’t establish a strong central government in the
subcontinent. For much of the colonial period, it relied on “captains”, low
ranking nobles and merchants who were granted authority over captainces.
Portugal’s monarch dispatched a governor general (arrived with soldiers,
priest, and crafts people) to oversee them and to establish a capital (today’s Salvador) in the
central location  of Bahia.  At the end of the 17th century the news that
fabulous veins of emeralds, diamonds, and gold had been found in Minas Gerais
exploded in Lisbon. In 1763, the capital was moved to Rio de Janeiro for a
variety of political and administrative reasons. The country had successfully
staved off invasions by other Europeans nations and it had roughly taken its
current shape. Portugal’s policies tended toward stripping Brazil of it
resources rather than developing a truly local economy.

As
soon as Don Joao VI arrived in Rio, he began transforming the city. Building
projects and the ports were opened to trade with other nations. Pedro I
proclaimed Brazil independence on September 7, 1822, and established the Bazil
Empire. Pedro II  daughter, Princess
Isabel, officially ended slavery in 1888. Disgruntled landowners united with
the military sent the royal family back to Portugal and founded Brazil’s first republican
government on November 15, 1889. In 1930, presidential candidate Getulio Vargas
seized power via military. The next elected president , Juselino Kubit, decided
to replace the capital Rio de Janeiro for Brasilia that was inaugurated in
1960. In 1964, for a time, military leaders took control of the Brazilian
government. At the time of 1985 Brazil’s government is finally returned to
civilian rule. The new constitution of Brazil gave citizens more individual
rights in 1988. In 1989 Fernando Collar de Mello is elected as president in the
first elections since 1960. Fernando Henrique Cardoso became president in 2003
The last presidents were Luiz Inacio Lula de Silva (2003) and Dilma Rousseff
(first woman president 2011).

Similar
as other countries, Brazil is a melting pot of different religions. Is
interesting that in the most current censuses Brazil has revealed that almost
the 90% of the people from Brazil belong to some kind of religious ideal; just
17% of the population don’t believe in God. Three quarters of the Brazilians
are Roman Catholic, that means Brazil has the most Catholics in the world. The
principal churches in Brazil are: Catholic, protestant, Methodist, Episcopal,
Pentecostal, Lutheran, and Baptist. Other religions are non-christian  such as Jewish, Muslim, Buddhist, Jehovah’s
witness, Shinto, Rastafarian, Candomble, Umbanda and Spirism. Usually, these
religions included inciting Gods with chatting and dances. Religion form a very
important part the identify of any nation and its culture the complexity of
religion in Brazil only testifies once again to its depth as a country.

            Because Brazil is such a melting pot
of colors, languages and customs, its cuisine is similarly varied. Also, the
types of dishes and ingredients used depend 
on the geographical location within Brazil. Root vegetables are commonly
 used. Fruits are also used extensively,
even in savoury cooking. Many dishes used rice and beans as base ingredients.
Common meats include beef, pork, and seafood. Popular Brazilian breakfasts are
fruit-based. Some popular Brazilian appetizers include: Acanaje, Bolinos do
Arroz, Emphadinos de palmito, all are based in rice, beans ,and meat. Main
courses are varied, filling and very tasty. They may include: Feijoada, Vatapá,
Pastel de Acelga, Moqueca de Peixe, Cururo de Camaron, Pizza, and Chamacaca, they
are all based in seafood. Bread and pasties are often used to enhance and bulk
up the main course of the meal.  Pao de
Queijo, taofa, Couve a Mineira, are some of their main dishes.  With the ample  fruit available in Brazil, the deserts are very
delicious.

Finally,
the reason I choose this country was their colorful dresses, they’re delicious
food, and of course of history. Although Brazil is very far from my country,
our traditions are very similar. Christmas and carnivals are one of the similar
things we do the same.