Demographics
Population?: 83,301,151 people
Languages:?.French (Official)
2. Lingala (a lingua
franca trade language)
3. Kingwana (a dialect
of Kiswahili or Swahili)
4.Kikongo
5. Tshiluba
Religions:?Roman Catholic 50%
Protestant 20%,Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim
10%, other (includes syncretic sects and
indigenous beliefs) 10%
Government
Type of Government: ?Semi-presidential
Republic
Components of Government: ?highest
court(s) , judge selection and term of office ,
subordinate courts:
Chief of State & Head of Government:
Chief of state: President Joseph KABILA
(since 17 January 2001)
Head of government: Prime Minister Bruno
TSHIBALA (since 7 April 2017);
Deputy Prime Ministers : Jose MAKILA,
Leonard She OKITUNDU, Emmanuel
RAMAZANI Shadary (since December
2016)
Main Political Parties/Party:
Christian Democrat Party or PDC Jose
ENDUNDO
Congolese Rally for Democracy or RCD
Azarias RUBERWA
Convention of Christian Democrats or CDC
Forces of Renewal or FR Mbusa
NYAMWISI
Movement for the Liberation of the Congo or
MLC Jean-Pierre BEMBA
People’s Party for Reconstruction and
Democracy or PPRD Henri MOVA
Social Movement for Renewal or MSR
Pierre LUMBI
Unified Lumumbist Party or PALU Antoine
GIZENGA
Union for the Congolese Nation or UNC
Vital KAMERHE
Union for Democracy and Social Progress or
UDPS Felix TSHISEKEDI
Political Stability: ?Congo is currently stable
But is still recovering from the conflict
known as Africa World War , which leads to
the loss lifes over about 5 million deaths
between 1994 and 2003 .
Name 😕 Muhammad Nur Firly Bin Erwam
Comittee : ?SOCHUM
Email : [email protected]
Economics
Main Imports: ?foodstuffs, mining and other
machinery, transport equipment, fuels.
China 20.2%, South Africa 15.7%, Zambia
8.6%, Belgium 7.6%, Tanzania 5.8%,
France 5.2%, India 4.6%, Kenya 4.2%
(2016)
Exports: ?diamonds, copper, gold, cobalt,
wood products, crude oil, coffee
China 35.3%, Zambia 15.8%, South Korea
8.7%, Saudi Arabia 8%, Belgium 5.2%
(2016)
Infrastructure
Communication:?Telephones – mobile
cellular:
total: 37.753 million
Transport: ?Airport : 198 (2013)
Railways : total: 4,007 km
Roadways : total: 153,497 km
paved: 2,794 km
Waterways : 15,000 km (including the Congo
River, its tributaries, and unconnected lakes)
(2011)
Ports and terminal : major seaport(s): Banana
river or lake port(s): Boma, Bumba,
Kinshasa, Kisangani, Matadi, Mbandaka
(Congo); Kindu (Lualaba); Bukavu, Goma
(Lake Kivu); Kalemie (Lake Tanganyika)
Sanitation: ?improved:
urban: 28.5% of population
rural: 28.7% of population
total: 28.7% of population
Relations
Allies: ?The Democratic Republic of the
Congo is in the grip of a civil war that has
drawn in military forces from neighboring
states, with Ugandan, Burundian, and
Rwandan forces helping the rebel movement
which occupies much of the eastern portion of
the state.
Relations to UN:? UNICEF – UN children’s
fund
“Enemies”: ?Uganda and Rwanda are the only
enemy fighting Congo mainly to get
resources.
Infrastructure
Defence Alliances?: Allied Democratic Forces
or ADF (anti-Ugandan Government rebel
groups
Army of the Democratic Republic of the
Congo (Forces Armies de la Republique
Democratique du Congo) or FARDC
Forces Democratiques de Liberation du
Rwanda or FDLR (Rwandan militia group
made up of some of the perpetrators of
Rwanda’s genocide in 1994)
Le Rassemblement (established in 2016 as a
coalition of members from several political
parties)
Expenditure?: Democratic Republic of the
Congo from 1960 to 2016. The average value
for Democratic Republic of the Congo during
that period was 9.78 percent with a minumum
of 2.06 percent in 2000 and a maximum of
21.74 percent in 1992.
Training regimes?: excercise
Name 😕 Muhammad Nur Firly Bin Erwam
Comittee : ?SOCHUM
Email : [email protected]
Culture
Countries’ Characteristics: ?The Congo
River is the second longest river in Africa
after the Nile and the second largest river in
the world by discharge volume of water, and
the world’s deepest river with measured
depths in excess of 220 m.
Distribution of Racial and Religious:
Literacy Rate: ?definition: age 15 and over
can read and write French, Lingala,
Kingwana, or Tshiluba
total population: 77%
male: 88.5%
female: 66.5% (2016 est.)
Unemployment Rate: ?NA%
Healthcare Conditions:
Health expenditures
4.3% of GDP (2014)
Rights of its people: ?ELIMINATION OF
RACISM, GLOBALIZATION ADDRESSED
IN THIRD COMMITTEE TEXTS
Brief History:?June 30, 1960
The Republic of the Congo gains
independence from Belgium. Patrice
Lumumba, leader of the Congolese National
Movement (the country’s first nation-wide
party), wins the first national election. He is
deposed within months by army leader Joseph
Désiré Mobutu and killed by secessionists on
Jan. 16 of the following year.
Geography
Region and Location: ?Location:
Central Africa, northeast of Angola
Availability of Resources: Land , water , food
, gold , copper, colbalt, diamond
Name 😕 Muhammad Nur Firly Bin Erwam
Comittee : ?SOCHUM
Email : [email protected]
Neighbour(s): bordered by Angola,
Burundi, Central African Republic,
Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda,
and Zambia.
Climate: tropical; hot and humid in equatorial river
basin; cooler and drier in southern highlands; cooler
and wetter in eastern highlands; north of Equator –
wet season (April to October), dry season (December
to February); south of Equator – wet season
(November to March), dry season (April to October)
Country’s Stance on Issue: ?trafficking; the majority of this trafficking is internal, and much
of it is perpetrated by armed groups and rogue government forces outside official control in the
country’s unstable eastern provinces .
Adults : Congolese adults are subjected to forced labor, including debt bondage, in unlicensed
mines, and women may be forced into prostitution.
Women and girls :Congolese women and girls are subjected to forced marriages where they
are vulnerable to domestic servitude or sex trafficking, while children are forced to work in
agriculture, mining, mineral smuggling, vending, portering, and begging.
Children: Congolese women and children migrate to countries in Africa, the Middle East, and
Europe where some are subjected to forced prostitution, domestic servitude, and forced labor
in agriculture and diamond mining; indigenous and foreign armed groups, including the Lord’s
Resistance Army, abduct and forcibly recruit Congolese adults and children to serve as
laborers, porters, domestics, combatants, and sex slaves.
Country’s Stance on Issue: ?Ways government is trying to stop trafficking : the government
took significant steps to hold military and police officials complicit in human trafficking
accountable with convictions for sex slavery and arrests of armed group commanders for the
recruitment and use of child soldiers; the government appears to have ceased the recruitment
of child soldiers through the implementation of a UN-backed action plan; little effort was
made to address labor and sex trafficking crimes committed by persons other than officials, or
to identify the victims, or to provide or refer the victims to care services; awareness of various
forms of trafficking is limited among law enforcement personnel and training and resources
are inadequate to conduct investigations.
Military : Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Forces d’Armees de la
Republique Democratique du Congo, FARDC): Army, National Navy (La Marine Nationale),
Congolese Air Force (Force Aerienne Congolaise, FAC)
Country’s Stance on Issue: ?The Democratic Republic of the Congo is a source, destination,
and possibly a transit country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labor and sex.
The UN reported that indigenous and foreign armed groups, notably the FDLR, Coalition of
Patriots in the Congolese Resistance, various local self-defense militias (Mai-Mai), Nyatura,
the Patriotic Force of Resistance in Ituri/Popular Front for Justice in Congo, the Allied
Democratic Forces/National Army for the Liberation of Uganda, and the Lord’s Resistance
Army (LRA), continued to abduct and forcibly recruit Congolese men, women, and children to
bolster their ranks and serve as bodyguards, laborers, porters, domestic workers, combatants,
and sex slaves. Some children were also forced to commit crimes for their captors, such as
looting.
Name 😕 Muhammad Nur Firly Bin Erwam
Comittee : ?SOCHUM
Email : [email protected]
Country’s Stance on Issue: ?humanitarian crisis (or “humanitarian disaster”) is defined as a
singular event or a series of events that are threatening in terms of health, safety or well being
of a community or large group of people. Humanitarian crises can either be natural disasters,
man-made disasters or complex emergencies.
Kasai , Congo : The head of the UN’s World Food Program is making an urgent appeal for aid
to stave off a humanitarian crisis in Congo, formerly known as Zaire, where millions are
struggling with food shortages brought on by conflict. The Kasai complex humanitarian crisis
started originally in Kasai Central with a violent uprising of a local militia (Kamuina Nsapu)
on the 8th of August 2016. The conflict has now spread to Kasai and Kasai Oriental Provinces,
with repeated attacks by the armed groups against DRC government institutions and entities as
well as combat between armed groups of and with the DRC Armed Forces (FARDC). Since
the beginning of the crisis, 1.4 million people have been displaced both within the three Kasai
Provinces but also into neighbouring provinces. Approximately, 30,000 people have sought
refuge in Angola.3.8 million people are currently displaced in DRC, the most of any country in
Africa.
Country’s Stance on Issue: ?President Joseph Kabila’s second term has expired, yet there are
no presidential elections scheduled until 2018—in violation of the DRC’s constitutional
two-term limit. Political strife and unrest is on the rise, with calls for nationwide protest by the
opposition. Should prolonged instability result from this crisis, it is the Congolese people who
will suffer the highest costs.
On November 15, 2012, heavy fighting resumed between the Armed Forces of the Democratic
Republic of the Congo (FARDC) and the break-away group of soldiers known as “Mouvement
du 23 Mars” or M23. Armed clashes occurred in several villages, mainly in Rutshuru Territory
in the North Kivu province, just south in Nyiragongo Territory and in the provincial capital of
Goma. While a ceasefire has been in hold, there is not a formal agreement in place.
The M23 fighters withdrew from Goma in December 2012. Since then, a ceasefire agreement
was reached between the opposing forces. The terms of the agreement currently are being
monitored by UN peacekeeping forces, with talks underway to find a more permanent solution
for peace. According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, the
situation is still very fragile.
Country’s Stance on Issue: ?The humanitarian consequences of Congo’s successive crises and
protracted cycles of instability are dire, as each shock weakens the coping potential of an
already beleaguered population. Despite its unparalleled wealth in natural resources—giving it
the potential to be one of Africa’s richest nations—the DRC remains one of the world’s least
developed countries. While the DRC’s GDP has tripled over the last decade, it has not
translated into an improvement in access to basic and life-saving services for the average
Congolese citizen. Nine in ten people in DRC—7.5 million if not more—are in need of urgent
humanitarian assistance. Nearly one in nine lives on less than $1.25 a day. One in ten lacks
access to adequate food, while one in two lacks access to safe water. This country, with five
others, accounts for half of the world’s maternal mortality burden. Not only are half of the
country’s children chronically malnourished, but the same proportion never finish elementary
school. Adding to this dire situation is the presence of over 70 armed groups in the east,
currently sending 1.9 million people fleeing from their homes.