Ecotourism (in Kenya) A form of tourism intended to conserve the environmentInvolves the visiting of natural areas for enjoyment and appreciationThe responsible alternative to usual mass tourism, which degrades the environment Considered critical since the 1980s by environmentalists Strategy for achieving sustainable development Huge percentage of economic activity and of the gross domestic product  in many African countries including KenyaMost ecotourists are Americans, others are Canadian, European, and AustralianMany ecotourism projects do not meet the standards of a true ecotourism areaSometimes plays a role in degrading the environment although it is meant to do the oppositeBelieved to have started happening in the 1970sDambisa MoyoBorn in Zambia in 1969 An international economist- analyzes macroeconomy and global affairsCurrently on boards of Barclays Bank(joined in 2010), Seagate Technology(2015), Chevron Corporation(2016), and Barrick Gold(2011)Obtained a bachelor’s degree in Chemistry and MBA from American University, an MPA from the Harvard Kennedy School, and a DPhil in Economics from Oxford. Worked for World Bank for two years and for Goldman Sachs for eight years Has written three New York Times best-selling books: Dead Aid: Why Aid Is Not Working and How There Is a Better Way for Africa (2009), How the West Was Lost: Fifty Years of Economic Folly – And the Stark Choices that Lie Ahead(2011), and Winner Take All: China’s Race for Resources and What It Means for the World(2012) Her most famous book is Dead Aid: Why Aid Is Not Working and How There Is a Better Way for Africa and is very controversial because it explains that donations to Africa do not actually reduce poverty ratesHas received 7 different awards on her work: World Economic Forum Young Global Leader (2009), TIME 100 (2009), Oprah Winfrey’s O’s  Power List (2009), Hayek Lifetime Achievement Award (2013), GQ and Editorial Intelligence’s The 100 Most Connected Women (2014), Handelsblatt 25 Great Thinkers (2015), Thinker’s 50 Thinkers of the Month ( 2015)African Penguin The binomial name is the Spheniscus demersus Also known as the black-footed penguin and the jackass penguin Are carnivores, primarily feed on fish and squidWas once extremely numerous but the population has declined drastically in the past decades Found along the coast of South Africa and 24 neighboring islands in 27 colonies The only penguin species that breeds in Africa, which is how the name African Penguin was created The only penguin species that lives in non-freezing temperatures Believed to be one of the first penguins humans discoveredAre black, white, and grey, with have pink glands above the eyesTheir life span is 10-15 years long.