India is a South Asian country situated on the north of the equator between 8°4′ and 37°6′ north latitude and 68°7′ and 97°25′ east longitude. It has a total area of 3,166,414 sq. km. and the seventh-largest country of the world. In respect to population India ranked second after China with the total population of 1210 million as per census 2011. In its total population 623.7 million are males and 586.5 million are females. In 2011 census has done the counting of transgender also and the total population of transgender was 487,803. It shows that there are around 4.9 lakh of third gender people in India.According to census 2011 the total literacy rate of the country is 74.04 percent which is higher than 64.8 percent in 2001. Census 2011 also reveals that the male literacy is higher than female literacy as male literacy is 82.14 percent and female literacy is 65.46 percent. Over 66% of the population of third gender lived in rural areas and the census data also revealed the low literacy level in the community i.e. only 46%, which is low as compared to general population. The country also follows share of population as religion wise like 80.5 percent of the Hinduism, 13.4 percent Islam, 2.3 percent of Christian, 1.9 percent Sikhism, 0.8 percent Buddhism and 0.4 percent Jainism. Uttar Pradesh state of north India is also termed as U.P. situated between 27°40′ North latitude and 80° East longitude. It occupies an area of 240,928 sq. km. of the country. The state share its bordered with other eight states i.e. Uttarakhand in the north, Bihar and Jharkhand in the east, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh in the south, Rajasthan in the South-West and Haryana and Delhi in the west. Besides this, the state shares its north border with a country Nepal. Uttar Pradesh is enriched with Himalayan Rivers, including two perennial rivers also i.e. the sacred Ganga and the Yamuna. Ramganga, Gomti, Ghaghra and Kosi are also the rivers that provide a good yielding harvest. In the following box several information of the state (U.P) has been presented as per census 2011. Uttar Pradesh constitutes 16.6 percent of country’s total population i.e. 199,581,477. In terms of total population it is fifth largest state in India, but it covers only 7.3 percent area of the country (Mehta and Shah 2001). Being a populous state of the country, a high incidence of poverty in state translates into high poverty for India. In present scenario, the state is estimated in eight less developed states of the country. The highest proportion of the third gender population is recorded in Uttar Pradesh around 28% i.e. 136,584 of population which is followed by 9% in Andhra Pradesh, 8% each in Maharashtra and Bihar, over 6% in both Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal and well over 4% in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Odisha, 3% in Rajasthan and 2% in Punjab.