“It is not wisdom but Authority that makes
a law.” (Hobbes n.d) Thomas Hobbes was born in 1588 and died in 1679. He
was a son of a disgraced village vicar, however his uncle saw potential in him
and paid for his education. After attending Oxford, he went on to tutor several
children of noble families. He even tutored Prince Charles III in math. Thomas
Hobbes is best known for his political thoughts. However, Hobbes was also known
“as a scientist, mathematician, translator of the classics, writer of laws,
disputant in metaphysics and epistemology, and disputes on religious questions.”
(Garrath n.d)
Thomas Hobbes wrote many books during his lifetime, some of the books include The Elements of Law, De Clue, and Leviathan. Hobbes was best known for De Clue and Leviathan.

His main concern was the problem of social and political order. He believed
humans could live together in peace and avoid conflict, to develop harmony.

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Hobbes became a conservative after the English Civil War that lasted almost a
decade. During this civil war, almost 200,000 people died.  Hobbes’s most important book was Leviathan. Hobbes wrote in the Leviathan that the people should give their
compliance to the government, no matter what, so that civil war does not break
out. The Divine Right of Kings means that monarchs are divine, and the people
should follow the Kings. Divinity is from God thus if you were to following
God, you would follow the monarch. Unlike the Divine Right of Kings, the social
contract theory argues that the right to rule is given from ordinary people. Thus,
people would be loyal to the King, as long as they believed the King was for
their health and happiness. Hobbes thought that both theories had flaws. Hobbes
was driven to write the Leviathan out
of fear that another civil war would break out. Hobbes wrote about the social
contract theory, and how it goes hand in hand with obedience. He gathered
information by, asking people to think about the history of man. His view of
man’s history was, the people running around in bear skins fighting each other
and wreaking havoc, until men decided they needed order. They were tired of fighting
and looked up to people of higher power to govern them. Then people wanted organized
government due to the fear of war. Hobbes wrote that the people had the duty to
keep obeying the ruler with only one right to complain or revolt against the
ruler. The only reason he felt people were allowed to revolt was the threaten of
death from their ruler. Otherwise, it was fine if the ruler increased taxes or
ruined the economy. Hobbes believed that even if the ruler had outrageous
plans, it would be the duty of the people to follow the orders. Hobbes’s
philosophy was based upon fear, however time and time again his philosophy is
proven to be true.

I believe that Thomas Hobbes’s philosophy fits
into the ethics realm of philosophy. Hobbes’s philosophy talks about how people
should live, in order to make society less violent. I believe that Hobbes had a
good philosophy, however I do not think the people should follow orders
blindly. I think it is good for people to question authority and debate whether
or not the ruler is fit for the people. However, I believe there is a middle
ground. We, the people, should not dispute every detail, and we should not
fulfill every order. I think Hobbes’s philosophy worked for his time era, but a
revision could be made for the 21st century.