Method of Procedures

Operating Systems and
Systems In

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INFO2270

Siddhartha Rudraksha
Punj

7724693

January 4, 2018

 

 

Table of Contents
Basic
Installing of Windows Server2012. 3
Short Description –. 3
Long Description –. 3
Pre – Implementation Test
Plan –. 3
Implementation Plan –. 3
Verification Plan –. 5
Back out Plan –. 6
Installing the Active Directory Role
on a Windows Server 2012. 7
Short Description –. 7
Long Description –. 7
Pre – Implementation Test
Plan –. 7
Implementation Plan –. 7
Verification Plan –. 9
Back out Plan –. 10
Promoting a Windows Server 2012 to
be the First AD Domain Controller for a New Domain   11
Short Description –. 11
Long Description –. 11
Pre – Implementation Test
Plan –. 11
Implementation Plan –. 11
Verification Plan –. 13
Back out Plan –. 13
Creating AD Domain Users and Groups. 14
Short Description –. 14
Long Description –. 14
Pre – Implementation Test
Plan –. 14
Implementation Plan –. 14
Verification Plan –. 15
Back out Plan –. 16
 

 

Basic Installing of Windows Server2012

This
part of the Method of Procedures aims at the basic install of a Windows
Server2012. Windows Server2012 is the most used server edition. The process of
installing Windows Server2012 is a short process, if done carefully.

Short Description –

In
this part we will install Windows Server 2012, using Windows Server 2012 iso
file.

Long Description –

In
order to install Windows Sever2012, for this assignment we will be using VMware
Workstation 12 Player, in order to illustrate the basic steps involved in the
installing process. The reason behind choosing VMware Workstation Player, for
illustrating the install process of the Windows Server2012, is its platform
undependability, and free of cost.  

Pre – Implementation Test Plan –

The
Pre – Implementation plan for Windows Server 2012 install are as follows –

·        
In this case the VMware
Workstation 12 Player downloaded and installed.

·        
The Windows Server 2012
iso file.

·        
Enough space on the
hard drive to store the Windows Server 2012 files.

Implementation Plan –

The
Implementation plan for Windows Server 2012 install are as follows –

·        
Open VMware Workstation 12 Player.

·        
Click Create
a New Virtual Machine Icon, and connect the Windows Server2012 iso. Click
Next

·        
Provide the meaningful Username to the virtual
machine. Specify the location where the machine will be stored on the host
computer.

·        
Specify the maximum disk size for your Windows
Server. Click on the Store virtual disk
as a single file checkbox.

·        
Confirm the virtual machine settings and
configuration. Click Next. The upcoming steps as similar to a regular Windows
Server2012 install on a real host computer.

·        
Set the language, time, and currency format and
the default keyboard or input method. Click Next.

·        
Click on the Install now button.

·        
Select the Windows
Server 2012R2 Standard Evaluation (Server with a GUI), option. Click Next.

·        
Read the Microsoft License Terms, and click on “I Accept the License Terms” checkbox.
Click Next.

·        
Select Custom:
Install Windows only (advanced) option.

·        
Select the hard disk on which the operating
system will be installed. Click Next.

·        
The Windows Setup will begin. Wait for the
setup to complete. It may take few minutes.

·        
Wait for the system to Restart.

·        
Enter the Password
for the Administrator account.
After entering the password reenter the same password. Click Finish.

·        
Login with Administrator account, by entering
the password created in the above step. Press Enter button after entering the
password.

·        
Wait for the server to boot up.

·        
After booting up successfully, the Windows
Server 2012 is ready to use.

Verification Plan –

The
successful install of Windows Server 2012, can be confirmed or verified by the
following method –

·        
The server manager
configuration

Figure 1 – Screenshot showing the server
manager of the newly installed Windows Server 2012, thereby verifying its
successful install.

Back out Plan –

However, backing out the Windows Server 2012 install is a
bit complicated and not usually recommended. The best thing you can do if you
want to back out is just delete the files of the Windows Server 2012 on the
hard drive. This method will result in the crashing of the Windows Server and
then you can install another version or not. The better and most recommended way
for a better performance is upgrading the Windows Server to a new version, by
performing upgrades.

 

 

Installing the Active Directory Role on a Windows Server
2012

This
Part of the Method of Procedures aims at Installing the Active Directory Role
on a Windows Server 2012.

Short Description –

In this part we will install
the Active Directory Role on a Windows Server 2012.

Long Description –

In
installation of Active Directory Role on a Windows Server 2012, enables it to
use the features of the Active Directory, thereby increasing its functionality.
This part describes the method of adding an Active Directory Role on the
Server, and do not talks about promoting the server to the Domain Controller.

Pre – Implementation Test Plan –

The
Pre – Implementation plan for installing an Active Directory Role on the
Windows Server 2012 are as follows –

·        
A Windows Server 2012
booted up and running.

·        
A secure and stable
internet connection for support the install operation.

·        
Enough space on the
hard disk to store the new files after installing the Active Directory Role.

Implementation Plan –

The
Implementation plan for installing Active Directory Role on the Windows Server
2012 are as follows –

·        
Open the Server Manager of the Windows Server
2012. Click on the Manage button present on the right – top corner of the
server manager screen.

·        
Click on Add Roles and Features option.

·        
An Add Roles and
Features wizard will pop up. Click Next.

·        
Select Role-based or
feature-based installation checkbox. Click Next.

·        
In the Server Selection, select “select a
server from the server pool” checkbox. This will automatically select the
available server, highlighted by a blue line. Click Next.

·        
 In the Server
Role, select “Active Directory
Domain Service” role checkbox.

Figure 2 – Screenshot showing the role
that has to be installed – Active Directory Domain Service.

·        
After click on the
Active Directory Domain Service checkbox, a new box will pop up. Click the Add Feature button.

·        
Click Next.

·        
In Features, keep the default settings. Click Next.

·        
In AD DS (Active Directory Domain Service), click Next.

·        
In Confirmation, Do Not click “Restart the destination
server automatically if required” checkbox. The feature is not recommending
because it results in automatic restart of the server without the user
permission, and therefore can cause loss of data.

·        
Click Install.

·        
View the Installation
Progress, and wait for its successful completion. This may take a few minutes.

·        
After completion you
will see a yellow triangle in right top corner and the Close button will be
highlighted. Click Close. The yellow triangle will suggest prompting the server
to the Domain Controller (Not discussed in this part).

·        
The installation of
Active Directory Role is now complete.

Verification Plan –

The
installation of the successful Active Directory Role on the Windows Server 2012
can be verified by the following methods –

·        
The yellow triangle
suggesting promoting the server to the domain controller. This occurs only when
the Active Directory Role is installed successfully.

·        
The server manager
showing the new AD DS feature.

Figure 3 – Screenshot illustrating the
successful installation of Active Directory Role on the Windows Server 2012.

Back out Plan –

In
order to back out from the install of Active Directory Role perform the
following step –

·        
In the Server Manager,
click Manage, and then click on the Remove
Role and Feature.

·        
A wizard similar to the
Add Role and Feature will pop up. Click Next and then select the Active
Directory Domain Service Role. Click Remove Feature button. Wait till the
removing process completes.

 

 

Promoting a Windows Server 2012 to be the First AD Domain
Controller for a New Domain

This
part of the Method of Procedures aims at Promoting a Windows Server to be the
Domain Controller.

Short Description –

In
this part we will promote a Windows Server 2012 to be the first AD Domain
Controller for a New Domain.

Long Description –

This
step is in continuance to the task of adding Active Directory Role performed in
the above step. In this step we will use promote the server with AD DS feature
to the first Domain Controller of the New Domain, which was suggested by the
yellow triangle obtained after the Active Directory Role install.

Pre – Implementation Test Plan –

The
Pre – Implementation plan for promoting a Windows Server 2012 to be the first
AD Domain Controller for a New Domain are as follows –

·        
A server with Active
Directory Domain Services installed.

·        
A secure and stable
internet connection required for the promotion of the server to the domain
controller.

Implementation Plan –

The
Implementation plan for promoting a Windows Server 2012 to be the first AD
Domain Controller for a New Domain are as follows –

·        
Open the Server Manager
of the Windows Server 2012.

·        
Click on the yellow
notification triangle present on the right – top corner of the server manager
screen.

·        
Click on the “Promote this server to a domain controller”.

·        
An Active Directory
Domain Service Configuration Wizard will pop up.

·        
In Deployment Configuration, click on the “Add a new forest” checkbox. Enter the meaningful root domain name
in the blank space. Click Next

·        
In Domain Controller Options, enter and confirm the password for the
new domain that has to be created. Click Next.

·        
DNS Options, click
Next.

·        
The system will
automatically verify the NetBIOS name. This might take few seconds. After the
process is complete click Nest.

·        
In Paths, keep the default settings. Click Next.

·        
In Review Options, review the configuration settings and then click
Next.

·        
The system will
automatically perform the Prerequisites check. After the check is complete
click Install. 

·        
View the installation
progress and wait for its successful completion. This might take few minutes.

·        
After the successful
promotion of the server, the system will restart.

·        
Login with the
Administrator account of the new domain. Open the server manager and observe
that a new domain is created and the server is promoted to be the first domain
controller of the domain. Task successful.

Verification Plan –

The
promotion of the server to be the domain controller can be verified by the
following methods –

·        
Open the server manager
and click on tool (present on the right top corner of the server manager
screen). Click Active Directory Users and Computers option.

·        
Expand the newly
created domain and then click Domain
Controller option, by clicking that you will be able to see the domain
controller of the domain.

Figure 4 – Screenshot showing the Domain
Controller of the domain created, shown by the highlighted region.

Back out Plan –

In order to back out from above performed step of promoting
a server to be the domain controller of the new domain, you have to demote the
domain controller to be a regular server. This can be done by removing the
Active Directory Role feature from the server. Removal of this role will
automatically demote the domain controller to be a regular server.

Creating AD Domain Users and Groups

In
this part of the Method of Procedures aims at creating AD Domain Users and
Groups.

Short Description –

In
this part we will create AD Domain Users and Groups

Long Description –

In
order to create new AD Domain Users and Groups we make use of Active Directory
Users and Computers option. Creating domain users and groups in a Windows
Server 2012 is an easy and quite straight forward process. 

Pre – Implementation Test Plan –

The
Pre – Implementation plan for creating AD Users and Groups are as follows –

·        
A Windows Server 2012
which has been promoted as the domain controller of the domain, containing AD
DS feature.

·        
Logged in as the
Administrators account of the domain controller.

Implementation Plan –

The
Implementation plan for creating AD Users and Groups are as follows –

·        
Open Server Manager.
Click on Tools, present on the right
– top corner of the server manager screen.

·        
Click Active Directory Users and Computers. A
new window of Active Directory Users and Computers will pop up. Expand the
domain icon present on left – top corner of the window screen.

·        
Right click the domain
name. Click on New and then click User. (This method is used for creating
new domain user)

·        
A New Object – User, box will pop up. Enter the user details (First
and Last name, User logon). Click Next.

·        
Enter and confirm the
password for the concerned user. Click on the “Password never expires”
checkbox. Click Next.

·        
Review the user details
entered and then click Finish. The
new user created will show up in the domain.

·        
Perform similar action
in order to create Groups, but
choose Groups instead of User in this step. A New Object – Group, box will pop up. Enter the group name, type and
scope. Click Next.

·        
The group will show up
in the domain. We can create other object by performing similar steps.

Verification Plan –

The creation of new AD Users
and Groups can be verified by the following method –

·        
Open Server manager of
the server. Click on tools and then open Active Directory Users and Computers.
Click on the Domain and the Users and Group will be shown in the right hand
side of the screen.

Figure 5 – Screenshot showing Users and
Groups created.

Back out Plan –

In order to back out from the creation of Domain Users and
Groups we just delete the newly created Domain Users and Groups. Just right
click on the User or Group that has to be deleted and then click on the delete
option, and the concerned user or group will be deleted from the domain
history.