NHS (National Health Service) and NHI (National Health
Insurance) systems differ in the source of their funding. The United Kingdom,
Sweden, Norway, Finland, Denmark, Portugal, Spain, Italy, and Greece use NHS
systems. The NHS system receives funding from general revenue taxes with a
small amount of private funding. Health care is provided and financed by the
government in NHS systems. NHI systems are used by Canada, France, and Germany.
The NHI systems receive funding for social insurance programs through payroll
taxes. Private-sector providers provide health care, but a government run
insurance program provides payment for health care

China is a unique country in that it is the fourth largest
country in territory, first in population size, and that there are so many
people spread out in both urban settings and the western rural areas of the
country. Over the past 20 years, China’s Health care policy has undergone a few
major changes as their economy has boomed and the demand for China once
provided care for the rural citizens by having “barefoot doctors” with a few
months of medical training provide simple primary care and triage for the
underserved 

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When it comes to creating policy, it is important for
policymakers to educate themselves on policies that are used across the world.
With issues that affect an entire nation, it only makes sense to study systems
abroad, and determine which facets of which programs seem to be working, and
which system are failing. Before the Affordable Care Act, the health care
system was failing. Similar to the rising cost of college, the cost of health
care was, and still is, rising at an unsustainable rate. The Affordable Care
Act expanded coverage of this for-profit industry, and mandated that everyone
has access to health insurance. Presently, despite the fact that around
22million people have received insurance through the program, a figure that is
debatable, the concept is still divisive (Gottlieb, 2015).

 

International comparisons can assist policymakers in
understanding that there are other options to the current systems. Examining
other systems provides “the gift of perspective” and helps us understand our
system “by reference to what it is like or unlike” (Knickman, Kover &
Jonas, 2015). While policies are changing the health care system, it is
tempting to look inward rather than outsource for solutions. By not looking at
other sources, opportunities can be lost to learn from innovations abroad in
the delivery of health care services (Blumenthal, 2017). Some of the solutions
that regard, to the aging population and disease to name a couple of issues,
where over in other countries cost much less that what the United States would
charge. However, there is no systematic way to review these innovations or
other international projects and programs that address the shared problems
(Blumenthal, 2017). Ultimately, policymakers can learn how to solve