One
Hundred Years of Solitude

The unvarying
or unchanging state is the greatest fear of humanity. Humans are by nature
social beings, who does not live in a society? Or feels the need to belong?
When one has experienced accompaniment, joy and communication; loneliness and
solitude become unbearable. But what does one do when doomed to live in
solitude? Gabriel Garcia Marquez raises this question in his novel described as
Magical Realism: One Hundred Years of Solitude. In the novel, the author uses
figurative language in the description of his characters and events so effectively
that the reader identifies himself with the situation each character is going
through; this stylistic way of writing belongs to the literary movement,
Magical Realism, which could be defined as an ‘ideological stratagem used to
collapse many different kinds of writing, and many different political turmoil,
into one single, usually escapist concept” (217).

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Magical Realism is a south
American narrative strategy characterized by the inclusion of mystical elements
into seemingly realistic fiction. As the founder of this literary movement,
Gabriel Garcia Márquez, created the novel A Hundred Years of Solitude to depict
the magical reality of Colombia. Jose Arcadio Buendía the main character in
García Marquez’s novel yearns for a life of discovery, in his seeking he uncovers
the mystery town of Macondo: “…A village of twenty adobe houses, built on the
bank of a river of clear water that ran along a bed of polished stones, which
were white and enormous, like prehistoric eggs” (1).  The
creation of this fictional world, serves primarily to introduce the experiences
of the Buendía family and emphasize the fantastic quality of imaginary events. “The switches of voice
reflect the villagers; thoughts, including what they think the dead are
thinking, this complexity is all subsumed and remarkably controlled by the
humorous voice of the omniscient narrator, who makes It seem like child’s play.”
(Conniff) The narrator is omniscient homogeneous and is
characterized for his story world participation in itself.