remarkable work by any standard Schindler’s List by Steven Spielberg is a searing historical and biographical drama about a German Nazi industrialist who saved 1,100 Polish Jews from Nazi extermination camps during World War II.Spielberg cast the Northern Irish actor Liam Neeson in the role of Oskar Schindler. The Anglo-Indian actor Ben Kingsley, was cast in the role of Schindler’s Jewish accountant and business manager, Izhak Stern and proved to be an admirable choice in spite of his not being Jewish. The British actor, Ralph Fiennes, fitted the part of Amon Goeth, the Plaszow commandant. Spielberg noted after his screen test that he could turn on a positively sexual evil at will.Spielberg won his first Academy Award for best director for this film. In addition, the film achieved six other Oscars. The film Schindler’s List is based on the novel, ‘Schindler’s Ark’ written by Thomas Keneally which first appeared in 1982.The book is essentially a true story, the account of a wealthy member of the Nazi party who systematically saved hundreds of Jews from the Holocaust. The author, Kenneally chose to put it in the form of a novel in order to postulate on the obscurity residing in the story. For writing the novel, Thomas Kenneally travelled extensively visiting the sites and interviewed nearly fifty of the survivors who owed their lives to Oskar Schindler.How it is written and what is portrayed?Analysing the first draft of the script which loosely tells us about the movie with just the basic details omitting camera angles and other technical aspects, we can see that the film opens with a close-up shot of a pair of hand lighting a candle for the Sabbath.In the background the sound of a Hebrew prayer can be heard. It is a short scene shot in colour.But in the shooting script which stands closer to the movie; we can view another opening scene which establishes certain curiosities among the viewers.The first draft of the script directly throws us into the ambience of a Sabbath. The opening scene of the film is one among the few colour shots in Schindler’s list. The colour in this scene draws a stark contrast with the bleak black and white picturisation of the film. The prayer and candlelight are direful; setting a gloomy tone from the outset of the film. The usage of black and white in the following scene increases the documentary feel of the film. It separates the film from the colour scene at the opening and pushes it back in time.In the scene after the meeting between the one-armed man and Oskar Schindler, the scene cuts to lines of Jews leaving Schindler’s factory. The camera focuses on the one-armed man who is singing happily with a young girl. As the group trudges through high snow banks, the officer decides to make them stop and shovel snow. The camera cuts to the one-armed man who is struggling to shovel. The SS pull him aside, despite his protests at being an essential worker for Oskar Schindler.The SS carry the man to the side and shoots him in the head. The camera cuts to Schindler in an office, fuming about losing a day’s work and losing an “essential worker”. Whereas in the script this scene is only vaguely described with the sound of a shot being heard and the face of the one-armed machinist falls into frame.The Ghetto Liquidation scene contains a notable scene. The scene cuts to a pharmacist putting together vials of poison. He brings it to the hospital and the nurses feed each of the invalids a vial. When the soldiers arrive even though the patients are found still they shoot on the dead patients. This scene which is entirely omitted in the script is clear depiction of the intimidating vicious nature of Nazis.Although the infamous symbol of Schindler’s List; the red coat girl is only briefly mentioned in the script it is more vividly depicted on screen. During the Ghetto liquidation scenes a little girl is discernible, because her coat is the only colour in the shot.Schindler observes her as she makes her way through the crowd. He seemed especially struck by her; to him she represents the innocence of the people being brutally killed. The colour of her coat symbolizes liveliness and diligence. Even though she is young, she endeavours to get away and hide. Additionally her red coat is symbolic of the red flag that the Jews waved at the Allied powers for assistance.Yet another scene where the script differs from what is shown on screen is, when Amon Goeth, the Plaszow commandant amuses himself in the morning by picking off inmates from his balcony. The camera moves down to the ground where the Jewish policemen are calling roll. Just as one woman tells another that the worst is over, Goeth grabs his rifle on his balcony. He scans the ground for someone to kill, pauses on a girl tying her shoe and shoots her in the head .Here in the script there is only a vague mention of a distant figure being shot. Additionally, in the film it is portrayed that Goeth grabs his gun to shoot again and this time finds a woman sitting idle on a staircase.Jews shriek and run in terror as they do their work, Goeth places the gun behind his neck and stretches. This added violence in the screen depicts the extent of suffering and the uncertain life that the Jews led in Nazi extermination camps.Often in the script there are scenes of Schindler engaging in discussions with Izhak Stern. They both share a tacit understanding on what they are doing. In one such scene, Izhak Stern emphasizes on Goeth’s barbaric nature of killing people and describes an incident substantiating his remark.SCHINDLER:You have to understand, Goeth’sunder enormous pressure. You haveto think of it in his situation.He’s got this whole place to run,he’s responsible for everythingthat goes on here, all these people- he’s got a lot of things to worryabout. And he’s got the war. Whichbrings out the worst in people.I’m