Technology has rapidly advanced globally,
and most people are adopting it particularly the internet. The progress of the
internet has brought about new forms of media such as the social media
platforms that offer users an opportunity to share content and interact with
each other. The social media as its name denotes created a separate virtual
social world but connected to the physical world. Users tend to feel that they
are living socially as they can communicate to other people instantly
regardless of the distance. Moreover, there are people from different races,
religious beliefs, background, and nationalities thus offering the diversity
that may not be acquired in a physical world without covering long distances.

The perception created in the online platforms about having a social life, has
affected the frequency and how people interact in the physical world.

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Over the previous 15 years, the population
of internet users has escalated by 1,000 percent while simultaneously improving
the study on the pathological use of the internet (Kuss et al., 2016). However,
the study of the pathological use of the internet is still in its infancy. An
extensive systematic evaluation of epidemiological study regarding pathological
internet use for the last ten years has shown that internet addiction is
related to different risk factors consisting internet use variables (such as
utilizing gaming and social applications), comorbid symptom (such as
psychopathology, anxiety, and depression), sociodemographic variables (such as higher
family income, younger age, and male gender), and psychosocial variables (such
as loneliness, neuroticism, and impulsivity), proposing these variables lead to
an escalated susceptibility for creating internet-utilization associated
challenges (Kuss et al., 2016). This has prompted further research on the
Internet Gaming Disorder prior including it in the main manual.

The online behavior of some people could
be problematic, and they need professional assistance since they cannot handle
their experiences on their own, indicating that treatment is essential. In an
outpatient and inpatient clinical setting, pathological internet use and
internet-utilization associated challenges are related to considerable distress
and impairment for people, which have been highlighted as the benchmark
distinguishing mental disorders. This shows that in a healthcare context,
pathological internet use could be perceived as a mental disorder needing
professional treatment if the person exhibits considerable high levels of impairment.

The symptoms portrayed to psychotherapists by internet addicts seem to be
similar to the conventional substance-associated addictions involving mood
modification, withdrawal, relapse, salience, tolerance, and conflict (Kuss et
al., 2016).

Internet addiction is more prevalent among
the youth age group. A study indicates that between 4 percent and 8.1 percent
of campus internet users exhibit pathological or excessive use (Ma et al.,
2011). This data shows a growing and severe problem which should be emphasized
on by the relevant agencies and organizations considering that each university
student is a great asset to the society. The study carried out based on gender
indicated that boys are more internet pathological users compared to girls.

Even though the mass media frequently
refers to the internet addiction as a potential psychological disorder, there
are still concerns amongst researchers regarding if it is an actual condition.

Some researchers have considered internet addiction as a recent form of psychiatric
disorder similar to a type of behavioral addiction or impulse control disorder (Ma
et al., 2011).

Initially, a community park was filled
with people interacting with each other. Nowadays, a populated community park
is very silent and a fewer irregular visitors. 
This has been the effect of the internet on the children and the society
at large. Per a new research carried out by the International Center for Media
and the Public Agenda, the majority of the teens and children spend 75 percent
of the time they are awake fixated on the screens (Hampton, 2014). The
researcher also discovered that students who did not plug their electronic
gadgets for one 24-hour duration suffered extreme loneliness and did not
realize how they could spend their time (Hampton, 2014).

Most of the current generations do not
learn how to improve their minds without utilizing the social media platforms
and technology (Hampton, 2014). The dominant function social media has in the
society has rapidly escalated and minimized advancement in human physical
communication. Moreover, more people have had access to fast internet speed
which has facilitated the instant communication between people, keeping in
touch with old friends, getting instant updates concerning their lives as well
as seeing current events, pictures, and videos. Social media has evolved from
being just social activity and utilizing technology is no more a method to only
pass the time. It has been almost totally integrated into our way of life, and
challenges related to social media and technology are infiltrating the society.

Verbal communication is essential for the
development of humans. However, body language or non-verbal communication
discloses even more about the emotions of an individual (Hampton, 2014). When
there is no adequate face-to-face communication, the nonverbal reactions are
not enabled to grow appropriately, altering the relationships between children
and others as they grow up in a society which is technology-oriented.