The purpose of this essay is to critically assess Kymlicka’s efforts to increase his cultural theory of cluster rights to lesbians and gays, together with the place he assigns them in his cluster rights hierarchy. Not all minority social teams square measure entitled to a similar forms of rights. Aboriginal peoples and Québécois be the foremost in depth theme of rights as a result of they represent “societal cultures,” providing their members with a full vary of life choices across each public and personal spheres. philosophical system minorities and gays and lesbians square measure entitled to a less important theme of rights. These minority social teams square measure eligible to receive group-specific measures that shield them from discrimination, whereas serving to them integrate into thought society.But 3 important difficulties challenge the coherence of Kymlicka’s rights framework and question its utility to gays and lesbians. First, many of the principles that Kymlicka employs to justify his cluster rights hierarchy appear to undermine, instead of support, its structure. The association he attracts between cluster membership and privateidentity, specifically, looks to subvert his decide to distinguish Aboriginal peoples and Québécois from lesbians and gays for the needs of his theory. Second, the liberal identity politics during which Kymlicka engages seriously constrains the political and legal agendas of lesbians and gays by ignoring their efforts to challenge the heterosexual norms of the dominant society. His integrationist perspective doesn’t address the relations of power that gays and lesbians contest, examine the institutionalized norms against that sexual minorities square measure measured, or acknowledge their need to reform the establishments, practices, and cultural codes of the dominant society. Third, and as recent Canadian case law illustrates, the shape of identity politics that Kymlicka embraces, informed, as it is, by the principle of immutableness, reifies the boundaries of cluster membership and contributes to the social process of non-conforming cluster members. As a sort of legal methodology, liberal identity politics not solely pays scant attention to the ways that during which gay and lesbian variations square measure made by the dominant, heterosexual community however fails to attend to internal variations. Instead, gays and lesbians square measure conferred as a unvaried sexual minority, sure along by a set, shared, and essential personal characteristic. consequently, instead of centering on however the development of internal distinction ends up in discrimination, legal analyses lapse into efforts to specify the substantive content of the group’s shared identity, vesting group insiders with the grouping authority to exclude non-conforming Others