The study by Selcuk and Yavuz (2018) was conducted to
examine any potential correlation between the style of parenting, and the way
parents feed their children as likely predictors for obese and overweight preschoolers
as well as the child’s temperament. The research of 61 normal weight
preschoolers (29 girls and 32 boys), and 61 in the obese/overweight
preschoolers (29 girls and 32 boys) in Turkey Specifically, 13 obese children (4
girls and 9 boys), and 48 overweight children (25 girls and 23 boys). The age
of the participants ranged from five to six years old. The data was a
self-report journal, which was kept by the mothers of the preschoolers with the
combination of the parenting styles (authoritative/authoritarian), the parental
feeding practices (restrictive, pressure to eat, and monitoring), and the child’s
temperament (negative affect). Both parents of the child completed a form of background
information including, their child’s age, their educational status, and their
height and weight. The BMI of the parents were used to see if there was any additional
correlation to the child’s weight status. The parents also completed a Child-Feeding
Questionnaire for measuring the maternal behavior regarding the type of control
they have over their child’s eating, and a Parenting Styles and Dimensions
Questionnaire, to measure the level of parenting styles of mothers. In addition,
there were conducted home visits to take the child’s BMI, from the measurements
of their height and weight, as well as to collect the questionnaires completed
by the parents. Furthermore, It was concluded that there was no difference in
the sex of the child in the variables of the results. The research
supported their hypothesis, of which
the style of parenting as well as the feeding practices of the parent would be
a factor to the status of a child’s weight. Authoritarian parenting has the most
effect for childhood obesity/overweight problems, and pressure to eat had the
most influence. There was a significant amount of authoritarian
parenting for the obese/overweight children, than those of the normal weight
children.