The topic of ethics provides a unique aspect as to how people behave in their life whatever it may be that they are doing. It is the very framework for one’s behaviour and maintains, usually consistently, how one behaves the decisions that one makes. Given that this is the case, the idea of ethics is of high-priority in the world of Human Resources and business as it is ethics that dictate how individuals interact with others and how they handle certain situations based on what an individual feels to be the correct and incorrect action and behaviours of others around them. It is also the role of human resource professionals to ensure that those in an organization are operating within the organization while following as close as possible to an organization’s overall values and ethics that they determine are the correct way to behave. It is also ethics that dictate how organizations interact in the world since it is those who own an organization who decide how the organization as a whole should act based on an agreed upon set of ethics and values. Looking into the article from the Journal of Business Ethics, The Role of Ethics in 21st Century Organizations, authored but William H. Bishop, it discusses the role that ethics and morals play in the business world. The main point that the author wants to ensure the reader is taking away from this article is that the world of business is filled with ethical dilemma after ethical dilemma. Up until the point of Bishop writing this article  the standard for ethics is non-existent and that the only ethics being upheld are those which are held by multiple individuals who have different levels of morals and ethics which vary, depending on the situation and whatever leads to the most beneficial outcome. As it stands, the business world has an act now, question ethics later approach which is a negative approach in the author’s opinion as the issue has already occurred. The best way, according to Bishop, is to proactively instill a set of ethics into organizations so that there is a generalized preconceived notion on how one is to act and conduct one’s business while representing the organization. This will, hopefully, lead to a unified understanding on what is acceptable and what is not acceptable to each specific company. Essentially, the author’s view is that organizations need to have an understanding of what is right and what is wrong by way of simple human decency; to not use others to benefit oneself and to care about what happens to other people. Bishop does understand that the matter of ethics is  subjective but if organizations try to set some form of guideline that involves doing the right thing and thinking of others then there should be less instances of negative ethical behaviour and less people being negatively affected by organizations. From this article, the nest practice that is most notably visible is that of “Proactive Ethics” which is preemptively creating a code of ethics for an organization so that everyone has an understanding of what is expected of themselves and of those within the organization. This will lead to the greatest outcome of unification and organization from the company because if everyone art every level knows how they are supposed to act and behave while conducting business then they are able to do so more confidently and efficiently. This links to a company’s values, if people are aware of what a company’s values are then the public knows what to expect when they interact with that company. Hiring is also affected because applicants who apply will likely want to work for a company because they share similar values to that company leading to a more loyal workforce. Employee relations are likely to improve as well since the employees are likely to have more morals and values in common since they were likely drawn to the company because of its values and morals. Another Source to look at for ethics is the book Ethics for A Level, by Mark Dimmock and Andrew Fisher, also provides an interesting take on ethics in the business world found in the chapter Business Ethics which provides an in-depth and realistic approach to how ethics can and is used. In the chapter, the two authors discuss how ethics is not something that can easily be applied to the business world and organizations given that the overall goal of organizations is to make money. Essentially the point that the authors make is that a company’s number one priority is to make a profit from the goods or services that they are providing and when the question of ethics is pitted against this, more often than not the need for profit wins. The authors also stake the question of  “Whether capitalism — the environment needed for businesses to exist — is itself immoral?” Is it ever possible for business to be ethical? They do not directly address the answer to this question but it does leave one to puzzle over the complication that it causes. Another strong point that the authors make from this chapter is connecting the different levels that a business interacts with, levels such as the customers, employers, employees, and others. While addressing these different levels, the authors question whether or not businesses act ethically, or even if its possible to do so, with the different levels that they deal with. Overall, Dimmock and Fisher, are not necessarily providing any answers but they are merely questioning and helping the reader to understand that there is a difference between ethics and business ethics; what customers and individuals may deem to be ethical may not be what is deemed to be ethical in the business world and it is this disconnect that leads to issues arising and companies having their code of ethics questioned.