The Situation in
the Lake Chad Basin (Background, Solutions, Stats)

Information Gathered by John Prieschl

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The
issues surrounding the Lake Chad Basin is one of the most difficult and essential
issues that the countries near this region and around the world are determined
to resolve. Hunger and mass violations of human rights plague the north-eastern
Nigeria, Cameroon’s Far North, western Chad and south-eastern Niger, with more
than seventeen million citizens being affected. Nigeria, a country that is
damaged most by the Lake Chad Basin crisis, has had a checkered history with
their use of funds; the African country was funded with 714 million dollars,
and the nation has failed to meet 340 million of this “gift.” Therefore, the
solution lies not with the importation of more
money and more resources, but a
complete overhaul of regulation and study of the use of other nation’s reliefs,
as well as the responsibility of the governments. British Ambassador to the UN,
Matthew Rycroft, stated in March 2017: ‘We came in order to show this will no
longer be a neglected crisis.’ His counterpart, Senegalese Ambassador Fodé
Seck, went further, urging that, ‘when we go back to New York, we must not sit
idle … this visit must have follow up’ (Bseitter). It is the obligation of the
Security Council to condemn the groups and authority members responsible for
the infringement of millions of citizen’s rights, infringements that the world
has largely chosen to sweep under the diplomatic carpet.

            Boko Haram, a terrorist network that has targeted,
exploited, and demonstrated its aptitude for violence, is run by Abubakar
Shekau, a man who has gained control of the area in the past and has continued
to influence the population even when he is not in authority. The group’s
ultimate goal is to establish a total Islamic overhaul, including the
implementation of sharia criminal courts across the country. Paul Lubeck, a
University of California, Santa Cruz, professor who researches Muslim areas of
interest in Africa, claims that Shekau was a trained Salafist, and was inspired
and influenced by Ibn Taymiyyah, an important figure for radical groups in the
Middle East, and once of the

They
have attacked Nigeria’s police and army, politicians, schools, religious
buildings, public institutions, and civilians with increasing regularity since
2009. The threat of this group has delayed the importation of food, money,
building structure, and more. The Boko Haram is known today as one of the most
notorious groups of terrorism in the world today, responsible for  the kidnapping of hundreds of children and the
capturing of a country’s prime minister. These transgressions signalize the
broadening of efforts by this group, which began its crusade in Nigeria several
decades ago. One way in which their mission has spread like wildfire throughout
the Lake Chad Basin area was the splitting of one conglomerate into many
separate factions. The new units moved to neighboring countries, influencing
the nations through lethal and repulsive actions.

What
makes the Boko Haram such an abominable threat to the safety of civilians is that
their message and call to violence may be understandable for minorities. For
several decades, social inequality has plagued the nation of Nigeria; many
people see the movement as an effect, not so much a cause. Government and elite
delinquency may have gradually fed into unspeakable mayhem, and the corruption
of public services is “a center of criminal enterprise” (Mahmood). A 2009
Amnesty International report said Nigerian police were responsible for hundreds
of extrajudicial killings and disappearances each year that largely go
uninvestigated by the government. The acts of the terrorist group are appalling
and gut-wrenching, but the overwhelming amount of corruption in the governments
of Nigeria and in the systems of nearby countries should not be ignored in
favor of the obvious.

If
the several affected nations in the Chad Lake Basin region want to discover a
clear culprit for the disappearance of people groups, resources, and peace, then
we must gauge the impact that the Boko Haram has had. In February of 2017, the
number of incidents and deaths during the crisis has skyrocketed, and the
charts are predicting an all-time high realization of violence and horror to
the strongest degree. The fear of impending doom and the fright of more
bloodshed have led to the movement of a miniscule amount of people. 17.2
million people have been shoehorned into disgusting and repulsive living
quarters, and while displacement may seem as though it’s a viable option, the
blocking of several main roads and the flooding in numerous locations has made
travel, of any kind, virtually impossible. For those that escape the terror
that is contained within Niger, Cameroon, Chad, and Nigeria, they are met with
camps and territories of retreat that are in terrible condition, plagued by
disease and crime.

Despite
the United States urging an influx of law enforcement efforts and, even,
military support, this would be problematic due to the questionable history of
armed forces in Nigeria. Rather than suggest the expansion of brute force,
there should be mandatory inspections and overviews of the workforce stationed
that has sworn order and justice. The many injustices committed by the citizens
in the nations exclusively must not be ignored in favor of exploiting aggressive
demonstrations of terrorism, seeing as several of these continental
altercations could have been avoided by an upright political and social system.

Another
path of compromise with the enemy is by improving the education and political
diversity in these countries. By showing many ethnicities and paths of life in
government, or in power, the Boko Haram’s reasons for causing catastrophes
throughout the many African nations will be found irrelevant and in the past.
If they were to continue their acts of horror after the proofing of government
forces for unprofessionalism, military action can then be used to abolish the
Boko Haram once and for all; the diversification of the population and political
leaders would be a much quicker solution for a problem as dire as this one. There
are many paths that the Security Council can take to end this endless struggle of
power in the Lake Chad Basin region. The resources are there for the taking,
and by eliminating the presence of the Boko Haram faction, the starving and
neglected population can finally receive the help and assistance that they have
yearned for. 

             

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Works
Cited/Bibliography:

Bseitter. “Humanitarian
Crisis in Nigeria and the Lake Chad Basin.” CARE, 27 Oct. 2017,   www.care.org/emergencies/global-hunger-crisis/humanitarian-crisis-nigeria-and-lake-chad-basin.

“Lake Chad Basin: Crisis
Overview.” Lake Chad Basin: Crisis Overview | OCHA, 2017,   www.unocha.org/rowca/lake-chad-crisis.

“Lake Chad Basin: Crisis
Overview (as of 11 August 2017).” ReliefWeb, 11 Aug. 2017,             reliefweb.int/report/nigeria/lake-chad-basin-crisis-overview-11-august-2017.

“Lake Chad Basin |
Disaster Assistance.” U.S. Agency for International Development, 18 Dec.            2017, www.usaid.gov/crisis/lake-chad

Mahmood, Omar S. “The
Hidden Opportunity of the Lake Chad Basin Crisis.” ISS Africa, 10        Mar. 2017,
issafrica.org/iss-today/the-hidden-opportunity-of-the-lake-chad-basin-crisis.

Sergie, Mohammed Aly, and
Toni Johnson. “Boko Haram.” Council on Foreign Relations,        Council on Foreign Relations, 5 Mar.
2015, www.cfr.org/backgrounder/boko-haram